Ak Koyunlu

(White Sheep)
   The Ak Koyunlu was one of two rival Turkoman federations, or dynasties (the other being the Kara Koyunlu, or Black Sheep), that ruled parts of Kurdistan during much of the 15th century after the death of the great Mongol conqueror Tamerlane in 1405. Early on, the Sunni Ak Koyunlu had Amed (Di-yarbakir) as their capital, while the Shia Kara Koyunlu had their center northeast of Lake Van. The Kurds did not play a major role in the armed struggles of the two.
   In 1467, the able Ak Koyunlu leader Uzun Hasan destroyed his rival Kara Koyunlu federation and eventually extended his power over most of Kurdistan. According to the Sharafnama, Uzun Hasan then "took it upon himself to exterminate the leading families of Kurdistan, especially those who had shown themselves devoted to or subjects of the Kara Koyunlu sultans." He made his new capital in Tabriz in what is now Iran. After Uzun Hasan's death, the Iranian Safavid leader Ismail destroyed the Ak Koyunlu in 1502 and proclaimed himself shah.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

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  • Ak Koyunlu — Infobox Former Country native name = Akgoýunly conventional long name = White Sheep Ak Koyunlu common name = Ak Koyunlu continent = Asia region = Middle East country = era = Medieval status = status text = empire = government type = Monarchy year …   Wikipedia

  • Ak Koyunlu — ▪ Turkmen tribal federation also spelled  Aq Qoyunlu (Turkish: “White Sheep”)        Turkmen tribal federation that ruled northern Iraq, Azerbaijan, and eastern Anatolia from AD 1378 to 1508.       The Ak Koyunlu were present in eastern Anatolia… …   Universalium

  • Kara Koyunlu — Infobox Former Country native name = Garagoýunly conventional long name = Black Sheep Kara Koyunlu common name = Kara Koyunlu continent = Asia region = Middle East country = era = Medieval status = status text = empire = government type =… …   Wikipedia

  • Kara Koyunlu — or Qara Qoyunlu (Turkish; Black Sheep ) Turkmen tribal federation that ruled Azerbaijan and Iraq (с 1375–1468). Their second leader, Kara Yūsuf (r. 1390–1400, 1406–20), secured their independence by seizing Tabrīz, the capital of the Jalāyrid… …   Universalium

  • Kara Koyunlu — قه ره قویونلو قرا قویونلو قرا قویونلو Kara Koyunlu (turcos de ovejas negras) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ak Koyunlu — Bandera. Los Ak Koyunlu o Aq Qoyunlu, también llamados los turcomanos de oveja blanca (turcomano: Akgoýunly / آق قویونلو, azerí: آق قویونلو o آغ قویونلو / Ağqoyunlu, turco: Akkoyunlu, turco otomano: آق قوینلو, persa آغ قویونلو o آق قوینلو ) fue… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ak Koyunlu — Die Aq Qoyunlu oder Ak Koyunlu (oghusisch: ‏آق ‌قويونلو‎ oder ‏اق ‌قويونلو‎, DMG Āq Qoyunlu oder Aq Qoyunlu, deutsch: „(jene) mit weißen Hammeln“), waren eine turkmenische Stammesföderation, die nach der Mongolenherrschaft in Diyar Bakr aufstieg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • List of rulers of Ak Koyunlu — This is the list of rulers of Ak Koyunlu dynasty ( The Horde of the White Sheep ). The dynasty ruled the territory now part of present day Turkey, Iraq and Iran. Their capital was the city of Tabriz after 1471 1472.Osman ibn Fakhr al Din Qutlu… …   Wikipedia

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